Write 5 page essay on the topic What is abortion and in which cases it could be used.
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Roe van Wade argued that the right to privacy includes a woman’s verdict on whether to terminate her pregnancy or not. However, van Wade added that such a preposition does not mean that a woman has an absolute right to terminate pregnancy.What happens when an expectant woman becomes severely ill and on diagnosis, doctors suggest that part of her medication requires removal of the fetus in order to allow the woman to respond positively to medication What if a woman is raped and conceives but she is not in any way interested in having a kid or keeping the memories of rape with her, is she justified to terminate the pregnancy The aforementioned instances present difficult choices, which may arouse different perceptions among individuals in the purview of life. Nevertheless, in some cases, women, for their own reasons want to get rid of “accidental” pregnancies. Whether such reasoning is justifiable or not is amenable to discussion- what remains an enigma is whether the act of abortion is good or bad.
According to MariAnna (2002), abortion is the obliteration of pregnancy by removing or inducing the expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus, which results in death of the embryo or fetus, or is caused by death of the fetus. Nonetheless, abortion can also occur due complications arising in pregnancy, but is in most cases induced. Thus, there is a clear distinction between abortion and miscarriage: in the latter the termination of pregnancy is spontaneous, but an abortion is “intentionally” induced MariAnna (2002). The reasons for intentionally inducing abortion are the bone of contention. For instance, many people have viewed termination of pregnancy conceived from a rape case as a form of relief to the victim (woman). but religious groups such as Christians respect the right of everyone to have life. To them, abortion is an act whose shortcomings outweigh the benefits (MariAnna, 2002).
In discussing abortion, Roe van Wade argued that the right to privacy includes a woman’s verdict on whether to terminate her pregnancy or not (Riddle, 1999). However, van Wade added that such a preposition does not mean that a woman has an absolute right to terminate pregnancy (Riddle, 1999). This stance is used by many governments in the world to prohibit abortion. Such governments view a child as a part of the society whose rights the parent has no absolute authority over. The disadvantage of prohibiting abortion is that the perpetrators usually turn to backstreet operations, which may result in death of both the fetus and the parent.
People tend to consider abortion operations conducted by medical experts as being “safe.” As such, when doctors recommend that the life of a fetus should be terminated in order to save a mother’s life, the case would be seen as genuine and therefore advantageous to the mother’s life. However, there is a demerit: doctors swear by the Oath of Hippocrates in which life is valued. Therefore, abortion is ethically a contravention to the Oath of Hippocrates (Riddle 1999).
It is common in family settings for pregnancies to occur when the families are not adequately prepared to handle the baby. Since women are the ones who provide most care to babies and understand the difficulties clearly, they would have an urge to terminate some pregnancies until they get ready. This they see as an advantage for them to prepare to have a child. In line with this, MariAnna (2002) noted that abortion is usually a private matter and that women would like to be so secretive about it. Therefore, in case a woman conducts an abortion without the knowledge of her husband she can hide the act but not the side effects. At one point the matter crops up to the spouse and this is one cause of family chaos (MariAnna, 2002).
There may be medical reasons to justify abortion, but seemingly, many cases of abortions are not justified. For instance, in the United States, more than 4000 pregnancies are terminated each year (Price, 2007). This means that over 4000 women who conceive in the USA eventually enjoy the “freedom” of being without babies. If that is an advantage, it is limited to an individual.
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