Apa Formal Research Paper
Running head: APA Formal Research Paper Include a running header (a short title of your paper) only on the title page Type as: Running head: TITLE IN ALL CAPS All additional pages should just have the short title without the phrase Running head Center the title The long title of your paper should include the main idea and scope of your paper The title should be typed in 12 point Times font Do not bold, underline, or italicize the title How to Format a Formal Research Paper Using the APA Citation Style 1 Include a page number on every page Jane Student State University
Center and double space your name and the name of your college, university, or institution Education 432 Professor Haberdasher March 15, 2010 Center and double space the course title and number, the instructor, and the date APA FORMAL RESEARCH PAPER Start your abstract on page 2 Abstract Center the word Abstract Some assignments will call for an abstract. An abstract is a summary of your paper. An abstract should be short and concise but include the topic of your paper, the main points you are writing about, and the conclusions you reach. Do not indent the 1st line of your Abstract It should be written in block format Include a brief sentence summary for all sections of your paper. An abstract is typically 150-250 words long. APA FORMAL RESEARCH PAPER Center the full title at the beginning of the main body of the paper 3 How to Format a Formal Research Paper Using the APA Citation Style After your title, begin your paper with your introduction. Do not use the Your paper should: * be double spaced * have 1 inch margins * be typed in Times font * indent paragraphs ? inch or 5-7 spaces Footnotes can be used to provide additional information Use a superscripted number and include a Footnotes section at the end of your paper ord Introduction as a heading. It is understood that the opening paragraph of your paper is your introduction. The APA suggests the following set up for an introduction: Introduce the problem, explore the importance of the problem, describe relevant scholarship, and explain your approach to solving the problem. This may vary depending on your assignment. Headings should After you write the introduction, you will develop the body of the paper. be boldfaced, centered, and all major words In a formal psychology paper documenting an experiment, the standard capitalized structure for an experiment is: Method, Results, Discussion.
Each of these sections would use a heading to guide the reader through the paper. The paper ends with References, Footnotes, Appendices and Supplemental Materials1. Consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th edition for further guidelines. For Papers Other than Original Psychology Experiments If you are using the APA format to write a formal paper but are not writing up a psychology experiment, use descriptive headings to describe the Sub-headings should be left hand justified, boldfaced, and all major words capitalized The Body of your Paper
If you want to refer to a Footnote already listed in your paper type (see footnote #) various sections of your paper. The paper ends with References. You can include Footnotes, Appendices, and Supplemental Materials if appropriate (see Footnote 1). The body of your paper will largely be determined by the assignment you are working on. Use your college writing center for help with APA FORMAL RESEARCH PAPER 4 developing the body of your paper after you have written your first rough draft. How to Cite Sources in Your Paper Any time you use outside research (newspapers, magazines, books, websites) you must cite your source.
The APA requires you to include a brief citation in the body of your paper (called an in text citation). This gives your reader enough information to find the full citation located on your References page at the end of your paper. Consult an APA style guide to see the proper format for including in-text citations. Block Quotations In-Text direct quote example Here is an example of an in text citation: Robert Monge (2009) notes, “Most in text citations are relatively short. They usually are no more than three or four sentences long” (p. 54). If you have a quotation that is longer than 40 words than you must use a block quotation.
Block Quote example Robert Monge (2009) points out: The block quote is used for direct quotations that are longer than 40 words. The block format is a freestanding quote. This means you do not include quotation marks. Instead, you introduce the block quote on a new line using the author and year. Use a colon to set up the quote. Indent your entire quote ? inch or 5-7 spaces. Include the page number at the end of your block quote outside of the ending period. (p. 55) . APA FORMAL RESEARCH PAPER Center the word References at the top of your page 5 References Gritz, S. (1991, January 20). Gulf War bombing broadcasted live on TV.
The Chicago Tribune, pp. A3, A5. The References page is where you list the full citation for all of the brief In-Text citations you used in your paper Jackson, J. J. , & Samuel, T. S. (2001). The impact of climate change on sea levels. Journal of Environmental Science, 55(4), 233-277. doi:10. 1070/8567-6582. 33. 5. 888 James, H. N. (1988). Victorian gender roles [Ebrary version]. doi:10. 1044/00643983238 Osborne, M. H. (1994, April 5). Nirvana’s Cobain commits suicide. The Seattle Times. doi:10. 1038/022-9010. 76. 1. 143 Rabe, M. M. (2001). The art of manipulation: Stories of mind control.
New York, NY: HarperCollins. Start the References section on a new page References are listed alphabetically by author If there is no author, use the title of the reference The first line is left hand justified. Each additional line of the citation is indented ? inch or 5-7 spaces. Reference entries are double spaced See an APA citation style guide for details on how to format the various types of references (newspaper, magazine, book, website…. ) APA FORMAL RESEARCH PAPER Footnotes appear after your reference page Center the word Footnotes Footnotes should not be longer than one paragraph Footnotes 1 Content footnotes are used to provide additional information about a point of discussion in your paper. Copyright permission footnotes are used to cite long sets of data, studies, tests, tables that have been reprinted or adapted. Footnotes should uses consecutive superscripted numbers in text with corresponding entries on a separate Footnote page after the References page. APA FORMAL RESEARCH PAPER 7 Appendices appear after your reference page and after your Footnote page (if you have any). Center the word Appendix All other style rules apply
Appendix An Appendix is used to include materials that are brief and can be presented in a print format. It can include lists, tables, photographs, charts, graphs, and other information used to illustrate the main points in your body paragraphs. Use parenthesis to point your reader to an appendix (See Appendix for complete chart). If you only have more than one appendix, label your Appendices: Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, etc. ) If you have more than one appendix, each appendix will appear on a new page