Annotated Bibliography Example
When test scores go down in math and reading, the emphasis is put on those basic subjects to the detriment of other so-called elective courses.
And now the combination of standardized testing and budget cuts have put art and music classes in the highest of high-risk categories,” (par 1) “when you speak with great educators, and look behind the test scores, the lessons learned in studying music, learning to play an instrument, playing in a band, learning to read music, all provide a richness to a child’s education that will last a lifetime,” (par 1). Because of the declining math and reading scores, it is causing the students to double up on classes. This then does not give them time to take any form of music education. par 12). “You cannot cut something for one or two years and say, oh, we’ll bring it back next year because the cuts are long term,” (par 16). We still have about half the number of music students in music education in K-through-12. And we’ve never fully recovered and partly that’s because we start cutting the things that are the least visible first, which would be elementary music and then junior high music because the things that are most visible are the marching band at the football game…and the choir at, you know, at graduation and those sorts of things in high school.
But it’s like cutting off the roots; the flower only lasts just so long,” (par 16 ;amp; 18). Some schools outsource their music programs. This then makes the teacher work with the students after school. Diana says, “we can’t just do a little music. Let’s outsource this and sing some songs after school. That’s not how you teach. You don’t teach algebra that way, you don’t teach somebody to read that way, you don’t teach science that way. You cannot teach anything that way.
So it’s very important that you have a structured, you know, step-by-step education so that students have access. Understanding how to read music and to sing music and to play music is access. It’s social justice,” (par 30).
Harken, J. V. (2003, august 20). budgets cut student expeirence .
Retrieved may 24, 2012, from CNN: http://articles. cnn. com/2003-08-13/politics/sprj. sch. cuts_1_budget-cuts-music-or-science-math? _s=PM:EDUCATION “If a student’s talents lie in art, or music or science, they lose out,” (par 8). Schools believe that math and reading are the most important subjects, so if the students have declining test scores, then all the other programs are cut while math and reading/English are funded even more. (par 7 & 8) *
“For many kids, that’s why they come to school, for the band or chorus or sports. ” (par 18). * Students interested in developing business or music skills would have to look outside the school for programs or private tutors they go to on their own time, Johnson said. People have to compensate. If the student can’t afford it, well, that’s the downside to this situation. “” (par 25). Houck, Olivia. (2009). 2009-10: Against Cutting Art and Music Programs in Schools.
Retrieved may 24, 2012, from morrison institute: http://morrisoninstitute. asu. edu/young-stewards-of-public-policy/essays/2009-10-the-voting-problem * “Overall, reports have shown that the percentage of kids with access to music has declined 50% in the past five years,” (par 1). “The study of music, theatre, and other forms of art have been shown to stimulate other parts of student’s minds and even keep them out of gangs and other harmful situations,” (par 1). *
““95% percent of Americans believe that music is a key-component in a child’s well-rounded education, 80% percent of respondents agreed that music makes the participants smarter; 78% believe that learning a musical instrument helps students perform better in other subject areas; and 88% believe participation in music helps teach children discipline” (Hurley 3),” (par 1). ““Within two to three years, every school that cuts arts showed a decrease in morale and attendance and an increase in vandalism and disruptions, and within three years most of them had to add extensive disciplinary staff to account for the problems that were created by not providing the full range of experiences that human beings need” (Hurley 2). ” (par 3). Nelson, TJ. (2005, march 5). dumbing down, the dwindling funding of the arts. Retrieved may 24, 2012, from worldmusiccentral. org: http://worldmusiccentral. org/article. php/2005030922083613
“One Ipswich high school senior, Reeve Pierson, calculated the participation in his school and found that out of 629 students 445 participated in the music and art programs,” (par 6). * “”Students with coursework/experience in music performance and music appreciation scored higher on the SAT: students in music performance scored 57 points higher on the verbal and 41 points higher on the math, and students in music appreciation scored 63 points higher on verbal and 44 points higher on the math, than did students with no arts participation”. — College-Bound Seniors National Report: Profile of SAT Program Test Takers.
Princeton, NJ: The College Entrance Examination Board, 2001” (par 8). * ““Secondary students who participated in band or orchestra reported the lowest lifetime and current use of all substances (alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs). ” — Texas Commission on Drug and Alcohol Abuse Report. Reported in Houston Chronicle, January 1998” (par 9) * “*Thirty-six out of 57 states and territories in the US plan to slash funding for culture.
Estimates suggest that funds will be reduced from $355 million to $274 million in the 2004 fiscal year according to Americans for the Arts. Florida governor, Jeb Bush, reduced his state’s arts funding from $28 million to $5. 9 million. Colorado’s arts budget shriveled to a mere $200,000. ” (par 13). * “There’s something utterly captivating in listening to the musical rendition of “She’ll Be Coming Round the Mountain” by a bunch of first-graders on kazoos and percussion instruments. What kind of society will we be without the squawky notes of “Greensleeves” emanating from an open window as a fourth-grader practices on a black, plastic recorder?
What kind of cultural identity do we preserve and pass on without a music education? What happens to us if we become a country without a culture, without a voice, without a song? ” (par 16). * “I guess Air Force One should invest in a good sound system and a CD of Sousa marches, because a future president might be stepping of the plane into the adulation of crowds, not to the strains of “Hail to the Chief” played by a school orchestra but to a bunch of kids holding up multiplication table flashcards,” (par 17). music Statistics/music advocacy quotations. n. d. ).
- Retrieved may 24, 2012, from heritageweb. org: http://www. heritageweb. org/~sanderson/MusicAdvocacyStatsandQuotes. pdf.
- Students with good rhythmic ability can more easily detect and differentiate between patterns in math, music, science, and the visual arts.
- -“Rhythm seen as key to man’s evolutionary development,” TCAMS Professional resource Center, 2000.
- A 1997 study of elementary students in arts-based programs concluded that students’ math test scores rose as their time in arts education classes increased. “Arts Exposure and Class Performance,” Phi Delta Kappan, October, 1998.
- The arts are recognized as a core subject in the Goals 2000: Educate America Act approved by both houses of Congress in 1994.
- National Education Goals Panel
“In every successful business. there is one budget line that never gets cut. It’s called “Product Development” – and it’s the key to any company’s future growth. Music education is critical to the product development of this nation’s most important resource – our children. -John Sykes – President, VH1 * “Music is about communication, creativity, and cooperation, and by studying music in school, students have the opportunity to build on these skills, enrich their lives, and experience the world from a new perspective. ” -Bill Clinton, Former President of the United States of America * “The arts are an essential element of education, just like reading, writing, and arithmetic. music, dance, painting, and theater are all keys that unlock profound human understanding and accomplishment. ” -William Bennett, Former US Secretary of Education |